Goldenarticles articles

Collateral alarm arrangement activity detectors - home-security

 

Passive Infrared Gesticulate Detectors- These detectors are also known as PIR detectors. The equipment they consume is "passive infrared". The badge is mounted on a wall or in the angle of a room. It sends concealed fingers out into the roofed area in more than a few layers. The top layer goes the farthest and averages about 60 feet above-board ahead and 35 feet on the sides.

The core layer of beams spreads the area about mid way and the bed layer sweeps the room contiguous to the detector. These beams in isolation amount the infrared high temperature of what ever they land on and look for a clash of fever alongside that point. For case if a beam lands on your couch and knows what high temperature it is, when you walk in front of the couch your heat is another and causes a violation. You would be hard pushed to match the hotness of the whole thing in your home as you walk about and that makes beckon detectors hard to compromise.

Passive activity detectors have a chip in them that will bend the apparatus for slow and meticulous high temperature changes. This way as your room warms up and cools down all through an armed alarm period, you will not get a false alarm.

Some activity detectors are intended to be mounted in the ceiling and broaden a 360-degree cone downward. Some are lower-level to photocopy an exciting channel and a number of other combinations are accessible for the James Bond like clients. Most often the badge is an aesthetically agreeable small apparatus that is mounted 5-7 feet high in the area of a room.

Passive infrared action detectors will not see by means of walls or windows as they will believe heartrending one of them as their final destination and begin calculating the temperature. The beams cast ahead only and will not bend about corners. If your badge is located where a beam can go into an area with an opened door, it will defend the interior of that area as well. Once the door is clogged the beam will terminate on that door.

Motion detectors are not going to guard every adjust inch of your home or big business if you invest in many of them to accomplish that. As a replacement for you ought to cleverly place them as an interior trap in an area or areas most apt to be desecrated by the creep or creeps that want to take your luggage or worst off violate you personally. As a rule one positioned as it should be on the main floor and one on the lower level if you have one, will serve as good traps. Stairways are often a good thing to be concerned about when insertion the device, due to the fact that you will avert illicit passage from one floor to the next.

(HOT TIP!)
An alarm installer be supposed to all the time place a contraption where it will best serve the user and attain the most coverage. Many an installer has chosen to forgo this belief so that they can establish the contraption in an area that is easier to get to with the wires. Assert on discussing all post options with your installer ahead of they place each action detector. You can bet that your benefit will be prioritized when they see your involvement in the conclusion process.

Dual Knowledge PIR- Dual means two technologies are used in one device. Both technologies must be desecrated to cause an alarm. These plans are used in harsh environments such as a garage or sun- room. The first equipment is passive infrared and works as explained above. The agree with know-how is most often Doppler and looks for the concealed association of air. If you walk into a room the air has to move as your body mass pushes it along. The analyze you would want a dual expertise apparatus is clear when you apply customary sense to the beloved area of protection. For case in point let's say you pull your car in to a cool garage, go in the house and turn the alarm on for the night. Your action detector that you put in your garage will see a dramatic heat adjust as the heat from your engine radiates into the cool air. If you had a duel know-how beckon detector it would not see the air affecting since your car is still, so it will decline to go into an alarm condition.

Pet Immune Action detector- This is a amazing evolution in action detection that may work for you if your pet free- roams your house while you are away and have your beckon detectors on. Beforehand the inauguration of this know-how the pet owner had to any confine their pets from the bubble-like area or bypass the beckon detector rendering it hopeless if not the pet was out of the home with them. The equipment is the same as the common passive infrared detectors. On the pet immune description there are two sets of beams that are offset from each other. Your pet must hit two pre- assigned beams at once in order to violate the detector. Pets under a a few total of authority (up to 85 pounds) are not long adequate to hit both beams so it does not see them. A human torso is calculated much in a different way as per a authority to duration ratio causing them to violate both a horizontal or vertical pair of beams, depending on their darling burglarizing posture.

On the pet immune detectors the central and lower span of beams are pet immune but the top layer is not, due to the coldness of separation concerning the farthest-reaching beams. Care must be taken on the appointment of these policy restricting the high beams from stairways and high ledges your cat may get up on. (6-7 feet high) A good technician will mask only the beams that hit these agitate spots escalating your coverage options.

Remember that even even if your apparatus is technically classified for use by authority of your pet, two or more small animals will have an chance to hit the two appropriate beams while in performance with each other. I do not counsel that you use these plans with two or more pets no be important how small they are, if one of them is hardly ever heartbreaking about. Also one free airborne bird will look like a relic entered the room if it flies close to the detector. (They have yet to conceive the "Dinosaur Immune Detector")

If your pets do not fall into the allowances for using a pet immune activity detector then you must believe other options for creating interior traps. The well- deliberate approach protects your border as well as doable and creates interior traps in case the edge is circumvented.

Matthew Francis Alarms@expertsknow. com

22 year old hand of the alarm industry
Installer, salesman, approved alarm circle owner, monitoring location designer, promotions and marketing administrator with one of the worlds biggest confidence dealers. He now works as a consumer advocate, doctrine customers how to buy or get systems for free (without being taken). He is committed to being unbiased. His web site is http://www. expertsknow. com


MORE RESOURCES:
Amazon slashes prices on Blink indoor home security cameras  Digital Trends

Amazon slashed prices on Blink's Indoor Home Security Cameras in a pre-Labor Day Sale. Earlier this week Amazon cut the prices on Blink XT2 Indoor/Outdoor ...


At Home: Automation trending in home security  The Topeka Capital-Journal

Automation is the latest trend in home security systems, allowing users to monitor their residence from a distance via a smartphone or tablet 24/7, even on ...


Amazon cuts the price on Ring Alarm home security system for Labor Day  Digital Trends

Smart homes add convenience to everyday living and manage entertainment systems, but security is the most frequent motivation for smart homes. Amazon cut ...


Home Security System Installer Put Secret Cameras in Girls' Bathrooms, Gets Life in Prison  PEOPLE.com

An Oklahoma man who secretly videotaped young girls and teens in their bedrooms and bathrooms for years was sentenced to life in prison Wednesday.


'Most humiliating experience of my life:' North Carolina homeowner handcuffed, detained after home security false alarm  WLS-TV

Kazeem Oyeneyin said he was humiliated inside his north Raleigh home by police, handcuffed and detained in only his underwear. He suspects it was because ...


Home Security | Koehler Electric  OurQuadCities

Jeff Koehler with Koehler Electric is in the studio today to talk about the importance of home security. From easing your mind to lowering homeowner's insurance ...


Best Home Security Camera Systems | Video Doorbell and Security Camera Reviews 2019  Popular Mechanics

Feel confident that your home is safe while you're away with these security cameras, doorbells, and complete monitoring systems.


Deep Sentinel Home Security review: More than just cameras that document crime, this system actively deters it  TechHive

The Deep Sentinel Home Security system takes a very different approach to home security. The typical home security camera only documents crime. An intruder ...


Simplisafe adds to its security repertoire with much-anticipated smart home lock  Digital Trends

Simplisafe has made a real splash in the home security market since it was launched more than a dozen years ago but the company is making genuine ...


Home Security Components AZ  Security Baron

From Amazon Alexa to Z-Wave, Security Baron provides a comprehensive guide to all terms used in smart home security today.


Blink XT2 home security cameras are on sale for $20 off on Amazon  Mashable

TL;DR: The safeguarding Blink XT2 home security camera will give you a little more peace of mind while you try to relax at home — grab one for $20 off on ...


How to protect your router and home security cameras from hackers  NBC News

Consumer Reports found that many wireless routers 'lack basic security protections.' The best thing you can do is change your password and update firmware.


SimpliSafe’s home security system can be compromised by a $2 wireless emitter  The Verge

SimpliSafe's latest home security system can apparently be fooled by an affordable wireless emitter that mimics the frequency of its door and window contact ...


Monmouth firefighters presented home security devices  Kennebec Journal & Morning Sentinel

State Farm Insurance presented 46 devices to firefighters during National Night Out.


Do I Need A Home Security System?  Security Baron

With only 30% of households in the United States equipped with home security systems, how necessary are they for protecting your home?


The Cost of Smart Home Security  Security Baron

From equipment to installation to professional monitoring, there can be a lot of hidden costs to a home security system if you don't do your research.


Amazon home security systems: save on the all-new Blink XT2 Security Camera  TechRadar

Beef up your home security and score a rare discount on the all-new Blink XT2 Smart Security Camera from Amazon. For a limited time, you can get the ...


Boost home security with two Ring Spotlight Battery Cams for $246 (Save $100+)  9to5Toys

Good Guys Electronics via Rakuten is offering two Ring Spotlight Battery Cams for $245.95 shipped when coupon code GG44 has been applied during checkout ...


Our favorite HD security cameras to monitor your home  Gadget Flow

If you want to keep watch over everything you hold dear, these HD security cameras should provide the coverage you need.


From Salon Marketplace: This smart home security system is on sale for over 50% off  Salon

Control this affordable alternative to SimpliSafe from your smartphone.


Ring Partnerships With Police Are ‘Troubling,’ Home Security Lobbyists Say  VICE

Home security trade organization The Monitoring Association said that it is troubled by reports of Ring partnerships with law enforcement that are designed to ...


Home security tips for while you're away  Honolulu Star-Advertiser

Let me introduce you to a new player in home security. Because of her, would-be thieves think I have a dog and a baby and that I throw a lot of parties and play a ...


BT’s Home Security Cam Is Easy To Set Up But Needs More Resolution  Forbes

This starter home security camera from British telecoms​ giant BT is simple to set up but it lacks resolution and the notifications are a bit hit and miss.


Be Sure To Check Out Fortune Brands Home & Security, Inc. (NYSE:FBHS) Before It Goes Ex-Dividend  Yahoo Finance

Some investors rely on dividends for growing their wealth, and if you're one of those dividend sleuths, you might be...


How to Keep Your Home Security Cameras From Being Hacked  ConsumerReports.org

The experts at Consumer Reports offer simple steps you can take to keep home security cameras from being hacked.


Minut raises $8M Series A for its camera-less home security device  TechCrunch

Minut, a Swedish startup that has developed a camera-less home security device that it claims protects privacy better than competitors, has raised $8 million in ...


Recent string of robberies at celebrity homes prompt realtors to stay one step ahead  KABC-TV

Realtor Myra Nourmand has been showing luxury homes for 30 years. She says thieves are deterred by security on display. What all home sellers should know ...


Best Home Security Systems: Professionally Installed Cameras and Alarms  Tom's Guide

These are the best professionally installed home security systems for any home and any budget.


With security improving in DR Congo's Kasai, thousands of refugees head home from Angola  UN News

As security has improved in the restive Kasai region of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), some 8500 refugees have left the Lóvua settlement in Angola's ...


Advanced tools used by home security companies  Techaeris

As domestic security needs evolve, home security companies are also adding new tools to their offerings, see some of the tools they are using.


ADT looks to reclaim throne as myriad of brands flood security industry  Campaign US

Smart home devices are beyond plentiful. Here's how ADT is transforming its brand with the help of McCann.. From Campaign US.


Deals: An excellent deal on home security, and more  Chicago Tribune

Convenience, entertainment, security, and more – we've found deals for you this weekend that will improve your life in numerous ways while simultaneously.


Global Smart Home Security Market Overview & Outlook, 2017-2026 - ResearchAndMarkets.com  Business Wire

DUBLIN--(BUSINESS WIRE)--The "Smart Home Security - Global Market Outlook (2017-2026)" report has been added to ResearchAndMarkets.com's offering.


Home security camera helps officers capture armed burglary suspect  Farmington Daily Times

A home security camera helped local law enforcement arrest an armed suspect who burglarized a residence just east of Farmington.


Consumers Reveal How They Feel About Home Security  Security Sales & Integration

Porch, an online resource for home services, has released the results of its study that looks at homeowners and their perceptions on home security.


VIDEO: Home security camera catches strong winds tearing through Millvale  WTAE Pittsburgh

Video shows sparks from electrical pole, large branches sweeping across street.


Grab Xiaomi's Mi Home Wi-Fi security camera for just $30 ($10 off)  Android Police

Xiaomi products are known to be affordable and do the job well, including its Mi Home security camera. The product was initially sold for a reasonable $40.


How to improve home security for police officers  Police News

Just in case you've slept through the last few years of police attack statistics, I'll summarize them for you ‒ you are being hunted! Ranging from ambush attacks ...


These Smart Security Systems Will Protect Your Home  Inverse

Want to make your dwelling a bit more secure? If you have a fledgling smart home setup, you can always start by picking up a smart home-centric security ...


Home security tips for seniors | Living50plus  The Daily Star-Journal

Seniors are often targeted by criminals. Though many criminals target seniors from afar via telephone or internet scams, criminals seek to enter seniors' homes.


Ring Joins Z-Wave Alliance, Looks to Advance Cybersecurity  CEPro

Ring now has a seat on the Z-Wave Alliance's board of directors and will look to improve cybersecurity, interoperability, and innovation within the security ...


IoT home security camera allows hackers to listen in over HTTP  ZDNet

Unauthenticated, remote snooping is possible over the Internet.


Home Security Market Size, Growth, Share, Demand, Development Analysis by Regions and Forecast 2019 - 2024  Insta Newsletters

The international research report on Home Security Market provides an analysis on market-size, shares supply-demand analysis, sales value and volume study ...


SimpliSafe brings its DIY security system to your door with a new smart lock  CNET

The DIY security system company just announced the SimpliSafe Smart Lock, which costs just $99.


Security systems are useful for seniors  Pawhuska Journal Capital

A reliable security system provides security and can offer peace of mind for seniors and their loved ones. There are many options when choosing a home ...


I-Team: Video Captures Police Demanding To Enter Framingham Home Without Warrant  CBS Boston

FRAMINGHAM (CBS) – On the afternoon of Aug. 7, Framingham and Natick police, part of the MetroWest Drug Task Force, knocked on Antoinette Callahan's ...


Ring Alarm v SimpliSafe: Which is the smartest security system?  The Ambient

By and large, people put smart home devices in their home for convenience, saving energy, and security. It's the last of those that is fast becoming the mos...


Keep Your Family Safe With These Smart Home Security Devices  The Daily Caller

Today's world is more dangerous than ever but a good home security system can put your mind at ease. These smart home devices are packed with the latest ...


Bear ransacks refrigerator for taco meat in California home as teens hide, video shows  Sacramento Bee

Two teens hid in a nearby room as a 250-pound black bear broke into a Lake Tahoe-area home, then ransacked a refrigerator, a home security video shows.


Smart Homes are Exciting, but Smart Home Security is also Paramount  TechnoRhythms

With great power, comes great responsibility. And, with an intricate web of interconnected homes, the Herculean task of securing these interconnected devices.


Reolink E1 Pro review: This indoor home security cam delivers a great picture at great price  TechHive

This 4MP Super HD pan-and-tilt smart home security camera offers amazing image quality and premium features for less than $100.


Briscoe Protective: Facilitating the Evolution of Long Island Home Security  Dan's Papers

Discover Briscoe Protective, the top choice for Long Island home security on the East End for over 40 years, with offices located right in Southampton.


Woman catches pet sitter throwing puppy to ground on home security video  WSB Atlanta

Authorities are investigating after a couple said video recorded in their Victorville, California, home shows a pet sitter abusing their puppy.


Don't travel with scams | Human Interest  The Union Leader

DEAR HELOISE: I've done a lot of traveling, and I'd like to share a few things that I've learned:


Home security cameras help deputies catch armed burglar  KRQE News 13

SAN JUAN COUNTY, N.M. (KRQE) – San Juan County deputies say home security cameras helped catch an armed burglar in the act. The owner, who wasn't ...


Schenectady shooting captured on home security camera  WRGB

SCHENECTADY, N. Y. (WRGB) - A shooting in Schenectady Monday night was caught on a home security camera. At about 8:40 p. m. two cars can be seen ...


Amazon cuts prices for Blink XT2 wireless indoor and outdoor security cameras  Digital Trends

Security cameras are among the most popular smart home devices because of their convenience and protection. Amazon cut the prices on the latest Blink ...


Amazon’s Ring home security aims for safety, but what does it mean for privacy?  Fox Business

Amazon purchased the "Shark Tank"-rejected Ring last year for $1 billion. The Ring alarm costs $239.00 on Amazon.


Escaped Inmate Suspected in Sex Assault, Murder of Prison Official Is Caught Due to Home Security Cam  PEOPLE.com

Curtis Watson, who escaped from a Tennessee prison last week, was captured Sunday after being caught on a home's security camera in the middle of the ...


Burglars caught on camera stealing money from 4-year-old boy's piggy bank  WCVB Boston

Two men were caught on camera stealing money from a child's piggy bank. According to KYW, it happened while a Philadelphia family of three was sleeping ...


Panasonic hides home security camera in a floor lamp  New Atlas

Most home security cameras are either mounted to a wall or sat on shelves, which can rather spoil the living room aesthetic. Panasonic's latest addition to its ...


Amazon’s Ring Barred Cops From Using 'Surveillance' to Describe Its Products  Gizmodo

Amazon's home security company Ring quietly removed the term “surveillance” from a statement law enforcement officials provided to local news outlets, ...


The Best Do It Yourself Home Security With Monitoring  groovyPost

When it comes to DIY home monitoring and security, there are many services and devices on the market. Here we'll take a look at several systems and help you ...


Smart Home technology: Making life easier with automation  JAXenter

AI and IoT are integrating into all aspects of our lives, even into our home. Home automation and smart home devices are increasingly affordable.


Connected Home Security Market is Expected to Grow at a CAGR of ~ 12% Between 2019 and 2029 - PMR  PRNewswire

NEW YORK, Aug. 13, 2019 /PRNewswire/ -- Persistence Market Research has released a new market study on the connected home security market, which ...


Trivial Bug Turns Home Security Cameras Into Listening Posts  Threatpost

A vulnerability in the consumer-grade Amcrest IP2M-841B IP home security video camera would allow an attacker to remotely listen to the camera's audio over ...


Mountain lion caught on security camera in Rapid City  Newscenter1.tv

Samantha Chadwell,. 00:00 00:00. spaceplay / pause. qunload | stop. ffullscreen. shift + ←→slower / faster. ↑↓volume. mmute. ←→seek . seek to previous.


7 Products To Make Your Smart Home Even Smarter  Worth

With these products outfitting your home, you may never want to leave.


Murder of Manhattan comedy club owner’s nanny caught on home security camera: prosecutors  New York Daily News

A doorbell camera captured Joseph Porter chasing his ex-girlfriend Karen Bermudez-Rodriguez out of her boss's Maplewood home on Aug. 3, authorities ...


At an insane 65% off, this 360-degree home security camera offers peace of mind — for only $45  Yahoo Sports

Keep tabs on your space and pets with this affordable monitoring system.


American Defense Systems acquires Direct Protect Security and Surveillance  Security Systems News

DALLAS—On Friday, August 16, 2019, American Defense Systems of Dallas acquired Direct Protect Security and Surveillance out of Costa Mesa, CA. Direct ...


Sure up your home security with SimpliSafe's original 10-piece alarm system at one of its best ever prices  Android Central

Meh has the SimpliSafe 10-Piece Wireless Home Security System on sale for $99 as its daily deal today. This is a new bundle that comes with a three-year ...


iRobot On Cleaning Up Smart Home Security Risks  pymnts.com

Mike Tirozzi and Mike Gillen, executives from iRobot, discuss the importance of safeguarding home IoT devices through a products' entire lifespan.


Home security cameras give authorities eyes across the county  KCCI Des Moines

The Neighbors by Ring app sends security footage from home cameras to the Polk County Sheriff.


Dahua partners with Pepper to bring heightened security to its video IoT devices  SecurityInfoWatch

Pepper platform powers connected devices around the world, delivering highly secure and private connected services.


Beachwood library to host home security talk Aug. 22  Cleveland Jewish News

Cuyahoga County Public Library's Beachwood branch will host The Home Repair Resource Center from 7 to 8 p.m. Aug. 22 at the library, 25501 Shaker Blvd. in ...


Get the world's smallest Linux computer for under $50  Mashable

Functioning as both a computer and tinkerer's toy, this tiny machine has endless use cases.


Criminal caught on home security camera  OurQuadCities

Home security footage shows a truck hitting a parked car and driving away, which led to finding the criminal. Jeff Koehler, who lives in Bettendorf, posted the ...


Connected Home Security Device Market to Exhibit Impressive Growth during 2019 – 2029  WindStreetz

Sweeping analysis for Global Connected Home Security Device Market 2019 and insights into market share, size, and growth rate. The Global Connected Home ...


Amazon Ring tells police to advertise services for free Ring cameras  Business Insider

A secret agreement between Amazon's Ring smart home security company and a Florida police department requires officers to advertise Ring products in return ...


Save A Life and Protect Your Family for Life - Zanthion launches the SMART Lifetime Bundle  BioSpace

SAN FRANCISCO, Aug. 23, 2019 /PRNewswire/ -- Zanthion™ launches SMART Lifetime, a complete personal and home security system for life, with no ...


Security company ADT refreshes brand with new tagline, website  PRWeek

BOCA RATON, FL: ADT has started a brand transformation in the U.S. and Canada to get consumers to see the company as more than just a home security ...


Home Security Camera Market – Growing Popularity and Emerging Trends in the Market with Key Players  NewsStoner

Here's How Global Home Security Camera Market Will Behave. A global Home Security Camera market report has come to the stands. The report, which is ...


Keep an eye on your home with 20% off the new Blink XT2 smart security camera  TrustedReviews

Get 20% off the Blink XT2 camera with cloud storage, two way audio and an impressive two year battery and save £20 on Amazon's smartest new security ...


North Bergen PD partners with ‘Ring’ home security cameras  The Hudson Reporter

The North Bergen Police Department has officially announced its partnership with Ring, an Amazon subsidiary that manufactures home security cameras, and ...


Save up 22% on Blink’s new XT2 Home Security Camera Systems and more from $64  9to5Toys

Amazon is currently taking up to 22% off a selection of Blink Home Security Cameras from $64 shipped. Leading the way is the Blink XT2 One-Camera Smart ...


Limited time deal! This smart home security camera is on sale — now just $34  Yahoo Lifestyle

This is the smartest way to keep keep an eye on your home at all times, even if you're away.


Home security footage leads to arrest, charges in Iredell County case  Statesville Record & Landmark

Home security footage led to the arrest of a habitual felon for breaking into a home on Buffalo Shoals Road.


In-home safe keeps valuables secure  Las Vegas Review-Journal

In-home safes are the smart solution for securing valuables such as jewelry, watches, rare coins, passports, personal documents and family keepsakes.


Man claiming to be ICE agent caught on home security camera  12news.com KPNX

PHOENIX - A Phoenix family is still shaken up after they say a man came up to their door, told them he was with U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement and ...


Kangaroo expands home security lineup with Siren + Keypad, new bundles, more  9to5Toys

Kangaroo Siren + Keypad expands the brand's home secuirity system alongside a new Water + Climate Sensor, monitoring plans and more.


Fortune Brands Home Security (FBHS) Q2 2019 Earnings Call Transcript  Yahoo Finance

FBHS earnings call for the period ending June 30, 2019.


Norco man recovering after being bit by rattlesnake outside home  FOX 11 Los Angeles

A man in Norco is recovering after being bitten by a rattlesnake outside his home.


Google looks to be prepping a successor to the Home Mini  The INQUIRER

GOOGLE NEST looks to be preparing an updated version of the Home Mini to celebrate its newly merged status. The Google Nest Mini will be the second ...


ALC Patrol HD Surveillance System Review  Digital Trends

Rugged hardware, local video storage and quality imaging combine to make ALC Patrol HD a good-value multi-camera surveillance system. But poorly ...


Take $99 off SimpliSafe’s seven-piece Protect Home Security System at $190  9to5Toys

Be sure to follow us on Twitter for the latest deals and more. Sign-up for our newsletters and have our best offers delivered to your inbox daily. Today only, Woot ...


Abode Iota Starter Kit review  Digital Trends

Abode's second-generation starter kit is a huge leap forward from last year's model, with a *fresh* design, integrated 1080p camera, motion sensors, and more.


First half 2019 sees 4,000 data breaches exposing 4B records | SC Media  SC Magazine

The number of data breaches reported and records exposed both increased by more than 50 percent during the first half of 2019 compared to the same period.


Chula Vista Family Buys $15K Protection Dog After Home Burglary  NBC 7 San Diego

A Chula Vista family whose home was burglarized by a brazen thief is responding to the break-in by purchasing a $15000 German Shepard protection dog.


Ring Brings Its Disruptive Home Security Offerings to Business Owners with Ring for Business, Providing an Affordable Alternative to Traditional Systems  Business Wire

SANTA MONICA, Calif.--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Ring, whose mission is to make neighborhoods safer, today announced Ring for Business to provide business ...


Developed by:
home | site map
goldenarticles.net © 2019